SQL语句导入导出大全

时间:2005/5/17 14:27:24      阅读:1403          
/******* 导出到excel
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell ''bcp SettleDB.dbo.shanghu out c:\temp1.xls -c -q -S"GNETDATA/GNETDATA" -U"sa" -P""''
/*********** 导入Excel
SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource( ''Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0'',
''Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0'')...xactions
/*动态文件名
declare @fn varchar(20),@s varchar(1000)
set @fn = ''c:\test.xls''
set @s =''''''Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0'''',
''''Data Source="''+@fn+''";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0''''''
set @s = ''SELECT * FROM OpenDataSource (''+@s+'')...sheet1$''
exec(@s)
*/
SELECT cast(cast(科目编号 as numeric(10,2)) as nvarchar(255))+'' '' 转换后的别名
FROM OpenDataSource( ''Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0'',
''Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0'')...xactions
/********************** EXCEL导到远程SQL
insert OPENDATASOURCE(
''SQLOLEDB'',
''Data Source=远程ip;User ID=sa;Password=密码''
).库名.dbo.表名 (列名1,列名2)
SELECT 列名1,列名2
FROM OpenDataSource( ''Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0'',
''Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0'')...xactions

/** 导入文本文件
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell ''bcp dbname..tablename in c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword''
/** 导出文本文件
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell ''bcp dbname..tablename out c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword''

EXEC master..xp_cmdshell ''bcp "Select * from dbname..tablename" queryout c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword''
导出到TXT文本,用逗号分开
exec master..xp_cmdshell ''bcp "库名..表名" out "d:\tt.txt" -c -t ,-U sa -P password''

BULK INSERT 库名..表名
FROM ''c:\test.txt''
WITH (
FIELDTERMINATOR = '';'',
ROWTERMINATOR = ''
''
)

--/* dBase IV文件
select * from
OPENROWSET(''MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0''
,''dBase IV;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:\'',''select * from [客户资料4.dbf]'')
--*/
--/* dBase III文件
select * from
OPENROWSET(''MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0''
,''dBase III;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:\'',''select * from [客户资料3.dbf]'')
--*/
--/* FoxPro 数据库
select * from openrowset(''MSDASQL'',
''Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:\'',
''select * from [aa.DBF]'')
--*/
/**************导入DBF文件****************/
select * from openrowset(''MSDASQL'',
''Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;
SourceDB=e:\VFP98\data;
SourceType=DBF'',
''select * from customer where country != "USA" order by country'')
go
/***************** 导出到DBF ***************/
如果要导出数据到已经生成结构(即现存的)FOXPRO表中,可以直接用下面的SQL语句
insert into openrowset(''MSDASQL'',
''Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:\'',
''select * from [aa.DBF]'')
select * from 表
说明:
SourceDB=c:\ 指定foxpro表所在的文件夹
aa.DBF 指定foxpro表的文件名.
 

/*************导出到Access********************/
insert into openrowset(''Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0'',
''x:\A.mdb'';''admin'';'''',A表) select * from 数据库名..B表
/*************导入Access********************/
insert into B表 selet * from openrowset(''Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0'',
''x:\A.mdb'';''admin'';'''',A表)
文件名为参数
declare @fname varchar(20)
set @fname = ''d:\test.mdb''
exec(''SELECT a.* FROM opendatasource(''''Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0'''',
''''''+@fname+'''''';''''admin'''';'''''''', topics) as a '')
SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource( ''Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0'',
''Data Source="f:
orthwind.mdb";Jet OLEDB:Database Password=123;User ID=Admin;Password=;'')...产品
********************* 导入 xml 文件
DECLARE @idoc int
DECLARE @doc varchar(1000)
--sample XML document.BR> SET @doc ='
< root>
< Customer cid= "C1" name="Janine" city="Issaquah">
< Order oid="O1" date="1/20/1996" amount="3.5" />
< Order oid="O2" date="4/30/1997" amount="13.4"> Customer was very satisfied
< /Order>
< /Customer>
< Customer cid="C2" name="Ursula" city="Oelde" >
< Order oid="O3" date="7/14/1999" amount="100" note="Wrap it blue
white red">
< Urgency> Important< /Urgency>
Happy Customer.
< /Order>
< Order oid="O4" date="1/20/1996" amount="10000"/>
< /Customer>
< /root>
'
-- Create an internal representation of the XML document.
EXEC sp_xml_preparedocument.nbsp@idoc OUTPUT, @doc
-- Execute a SELECT statement using OPENXML rowset provider.
SELECT *
FROM OPENXML (@idoc, '/root/Customer/Order', 1)
WITH (oid char(5),
amount float,
comment ntext 'text()')
EXEC sp_xml_removedocument.nbsp@idoc
 
???????
/**********************Excel导到Txt****************************************/
想用
select * into opendatasource(...) from opendatasource(...)
实现将一个Excel文件内容导入到一个文本文件
假设Excel中有两列,第一列为姓名,第二列为很行帐号(16位)
且银行帐号导出到文本文件后分两部分,前8位和后8位分开。

邹健:
如果要用你上面的语句插入的话,文本文件必须存在,而且有一行:姓名,银行账号1,银行账号2
然后就可以用下面的语句进行插入
注意文件名和目录根据你的实际情况进行修改.
insert into
opendatasource('MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'
,'Text;HDR=Yes;DATABASE=C:\'
)...[aa#txt]
--,aa#txt)
--*/
select 姓名,银行账号1=left(银行账号,8),银行账号2=right(银行账号,8)
from
opendatasource('MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'
,'Excel 5.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=2;DATABASE=c:\a.xls'
--,Sheet1$)
)...[Sheet1$]
 
如果你想直接插入并生成文本文件,就要用bcp
declare @sql varchar(8000),@tbname varchar(50)
--首先将excel表内容导入到一个全局临时表
select @tbname='[##temp'+cast(newid() as varchar(40))+']'
,@sql='select 姓名,银行账号1=left(银行账号,8),银行账号2=right(银行账号,8)
into '+@tbname+' from
opendatasource(''MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0''
,''Excel 5.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=2;DATABASE=c:\a.xls''
)...[Sheet1$]'
exec(@sql)
--然后用bcp从全局临时表导出到文本文件
set @sql='bcp "'+@tbname+'" out "c:\aa.txt" /S"(local)" /P"" /c'
exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql
--删除临时表
exec('drop table '+@tbname)
/********************导整个数据库*********************************************/
用bcp实现的存储过程

/*
实现数据导入/导出的存储过程
根据不同的参数,可以实现导入/导出整个数据库/单个表
调用示例:
--导出调用示例
----导出单个表
exec file2table 'zj','','','xzkh_sa..地区资料','c:\zj.txt',1
----导出整个数据库
exec file2table 'zj','','','xzkh_sa','C:\docman',1
--导入调用示例
----导入单个表
exec file2table 'zj','','','xzkh_sa..地区资料','c:\zj.txt',0
----导入整个数据库
exec file2table 'zj','','','xzkh_sa','C:\docman',0
*/
if exists(select 1 from sysobjects where name='File2Table' and objectproperty(id,'IsProcedure')=1)
drop procedure File2Table
go
create procedure File2Table
@servername varchar(200) --服务器名
,@username varchar(200) --用户名,如果用NT验证方式,则为空''
,@password varchar(200) --密码
,@tbname varchar(500) --数据库.dbo.表名,如果不指定:.dbo.表名,则导出数据库的所有用户表
,@filename varchar(1000) --导入/导出路径/文件名,如果@tbname参数指明是导出整个数据库,则这个参数是文件存放路径,文件名自动用表名.txt
,@isout bit --1为导出,0为导入
as
declare @sql varchar(8000)
if @tbname like '%.%.%' --如果指定了表名,则直接导出单个表
begin
set @sql='bcp '+@tbname
+case when @isout=1 then ' out ' else ' in ' end
+' "'+@filename+'" /w'
+' /S '+@servername
+case when isnull(@username,'')='' then '' else ' /U '+@username end
+' /P '+isnull(@password,'')
exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql
end
else
begin --导出整个数据库,定义游标,取出所有的用户表
declare @m_tbname varchar(250)
if right(@filename,1)< > '\' set @filename=@filename+'\'
set @m_tbname='declare #tb cursor for select name from '+@tbname+'..sysobjects where xtype=''U'''
exec(@m_tbname)
open #tb
fetch next from #tb into @m_tbname
while @@fetch_status=0
begin
set @sql='bcp '+@tbname+'..'+@m_tbname
+case when @isout=1 then ' out ' else ' in ' end
+' "'+@filename+@m_tbname+'.txt " /w'
+' /S '+@servername
+case when isnull(@username,'')='' then '' else ' /U '+@username end
+' /P '+isnull(@password,'')
exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql
fetch next from #tb into @m_tbname
end
close #tb
deallocate #tb
end
go

/************* Oracle **************/
EXEC sp_addlinkedserver 'OracleSvr',
'Oracle 7.3',
'MSDAORA',
'ORCLDB'
GO
delete from openquery(mailser,'select * from yulin')
select * from openquery(mailser,'select * from yulin')
update openquery(mailser,'select * from yulin where id=15')set disorder=555,catago=888
insert into openquery(mailser,'select disorder,catago from yulin')values(333,777)
 
补充:
对于用bcp导出,是没有字段名的.
用openrowset导出,需要事先建好表.
用openrowset导入,除ACCESS及EXCEL外,均不支持非本机数据导入
 
评论
  • Re:SQL语句导入导出大全  (2006/6/25 5:36:24) by 王丹 
    建议版主在发文章的时候注意一点格式方面的问题,如这篇文章中的各个小标题是否可用不同的颜色或样式等,让人看起来容易区分。
  • Re:SQL语句导入导出大全  (2006/8/4 22:44:18) by 飘萍 
    与楼上有同感,这篇看起来有些乱。
  • Re:SQL语句导入导出大全  (2009/3/16 14:00:04) by ylp1588 
    能够用上导出到Excell.
  • Re:SQL语句导入导出大全  (2010/11/27 11:16:03) by midsummer 

    网页上不比软件,楼上的吧代码放到 sql里或者EditPlus ,vb后台都可以看到很清晰

标 题:
 
姓 名:
 
主 页:

验证码:

评论:
 

Because of the cache,you may see your comments several minutes later.